The Unity Question Reviewed
Publication date 1900-06
Usage Public Domain Mark 1.0
Topics Social Democratic Party of America, Socialist Labor Party of America, Kangaroos, Morris Hillquit, radicalism, Marxism, socialism, radical politics, left wing politics, SDP, SLP, SPA, Socialist Party of America, Eugene V. Debs, Election of 1900, political mergers.
The Unity Question Reviewed: A Summary, on Behalf of the Friends of Union in Both Parties, of the Efforts Made to Bring About Harmony Among Socialists, of the Obstacles Encountered, and of the Present Situation.
No city (probably New York): Joint Committee on Unity, No date (1900).
Ultra-rare four page tabloid newspaper detailing the pro-unity argument of the pro-unity members of the 18 person “Joint Committee on Unity,” which included 9 members each of the Social Democratic Party of America and the Socialist Labor Party of America (dissident Volkszeitung-Slobodin-Hillquit faction, the so-called "Kangaroos"). The document, original in the Tim Davenport collection, is quite possibly unique, not being listed in WorldCat as of April 2018.
The document presents a counterpoint to the “Manifesto of the National Executive Board to the Members of the Social Democratic Party,” which was signed by four of the five members of the NEB (Jesse Cox, Victor L. Berger, Frederic Heath, and Seymour Stedman — but not Eugene V. Debs) and published in the Social Democratic Herald, vol. 2, no. 42, whole no. 92 (April 7, 1900), pg. 1. Also criticized are two published open letters on the question of unity by Eugene V. Debs and various other published and private statements.
Signatories of this document include 5 of the 9 SDP committee members and all 9 of those negotiating for the dissident SLP.
Signing for the SDP: James F. Carey, John C. Chase. G.A. Hoehn, William P. Lonergan, and William Butscher (Sec.); For the SLP: J. Mahlon Barnes, G.B. Benham, Charles E. Fenner, Job Harriman, Max S. Hayes, Morris Hillquit F.A. Sieverman, W.E. White, and N.I. Stone (Sec.).
The SDP committee was named on March 9, 1900 at the national convention of that organization. The latest date mentioned in the text is May 20, 1900, providing a not-before date for this document and implying a likely publication date of June 1900.
The two organizations would ultimately manage to cooperate in the election of November 1900, uniting for the ticket of Eugene V. Debs (SDP) for President and Job Harriman (SLP) for Vice President under the Social Democratic Party banner and would achieve organic unity in August 1901 in the new Socialist Party of America.
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